Thank you for this question — it is tricky indeed and something we discussed at length in conducting our research. Monetary rewards can easily backfire by creating perverse incentives like falsely reporting and collusive bribes. This law review article (starting at p. 821) discusses some of the possible avenues to prevent such perverse incentives in the first place including requirements for corroborating evidence and swift and forceful criminal sanctions for false reporting. However, such mechanisms aren’t perfect and, as you’ve noted, “appealing to the integrity of the individual” is much preferred. This is where I think a “Fight Against Corruption” public education campaign might be a useful strategy. A successful public education campaign raises the profile on corruption, its costs and consequences, and puts individuals on alert that it is not tolerated. Further, posters and signs in government buildings serve as stark reminders not only for potential” bribers” but also for potential “bribees” who see them everyday. A focus on showing the negative societal consequences of corruption is key. Creating a culture shift is difficult but can happen. It may have to be a more targeted approach at first (e.g., focused on a particular department) but one that could be quite successful.
Thank you for sharing your views. Indeed your ideas are important if we are to bring the culture shift so crucial in the fight against corruption. At the ICAC we lay a lot of emphasis on integrity of the individual and also organizational integrity. But we are aware that the efforts need to be sustained through collective efforts while stressing individual civic duty and responsibility.